Pamir Mountains

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The Pamir Mountains

The Pamir Mountains

The Pamirs, also known as Pamir, is a lofty expanse situated in Central Asia. This mountainous region revolves around the pivotal orogenic uplift recognized as the Pamir Knot, which serves as the source from which numerous mountain ranges extend towards the south-central parts of Asia. Among these are the Hindu Kush, the Karakoram Range, the Kunlun Mountains, and the Tien Shan. While the majority of the Pamirs reside within Tajikistan, they stretch into Afghanistan, China, and Kyrgyzstan along their periphery. The heart of the Pamirs lies within the elevated terrains of Tajikistan, with its loftiest peaks found in the autonomous oblast (province) of Gorno-Badakhshan.

In the regional dialect, the term "pamir" signifies the elevated undulating grasslands that dominate the eastern section of the mountains, particularly where they border Afghanistan and China. The boundaries of the Pamirs are defined by deep river valleys extending beyond the ridges of the Trans-Alai Range to the north, while the valleys of Afghanistan's Vākhān region, known as the Wakhan Corridor, act as the southern limit. On the eastern fringe, the Sarykol pamir in China's Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang demarcates the boundary, while a sequence of valleys aligned in a southwestern direction, eventually draining into the Vakhsh and Panj rivers, form the western edge.

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